640 loader issue

   / 640 loader issue #1  

hozjob

Member
Joined
Jul 1, 2014
Messages
38
Location
PineBush, NY
Tractor
John Deere 6410
I have a JD 6410 with a 640 loader and have lost power on the raise/lower function. It will raise slowly if empty, but won't lift anything. The curl function works fine, I can raise the tractor off the ground with the bucket. I thought I may have a bad boom cylinder so I rebuilt both of them. I also replaced all the hoses as they were showing their age. All the quick connect couplers were checked and are working properly. Which led me to investigate the tractor side for a cause. The raise/lower cable was damaged in an attempt to adjust it, so it was replaced. Is there something in the spool valve that could cause me to have a weak raise/lower function? It was being used prior to this to move some large rocks and trees without any issues, and then I was suddenly unable to lift a bucket of manure. Any help is appreciated.
 
   / 640 loader issue #2  
Find or make up a pressure gauge that you can connect to the quick connect couplers and see what pressures you are getting. Might tell the problem and help locate.
 
   / 640 loader issue #3  
Darn, I knew I should have paid more attention to Closed Circuit hydraulic systems... If there is power elsewhere then it sure sounds like the loader valve, but the problem I have is those closed system valves sometimes have recirculation (regeneration) built into the valve and I don't know just how yours is set up.

How about something simple: Can you depressurize the system and then swap the curl and boom lines on the loader control valve? If so, it would tell you something if the problem follows.

Someone tell me how hard is it to swap those on a closed hydraulic system or even possible? Tx Jim, am I all wrong? I'm guessing here. ....
rScotty
 
   / 640 loader issue #4  
I'd swap the hoses first to rule out the loader, easy to do if you have 4 hoses, hard to do if a monoblock connector.
 
   / 640 loader issue
  • Thread Starter
#5  
I swapped out the bucket and boom circuits and I'm still not able to lift the tractor using the loader. So... that brings me back to the loader itself, which on one hand is easier because it's more straight forward, however I'll have to reopen both cylinders and check the seals.
I re-sealed one side and tested it. It will slowly lift the tractor.... and I mean slowly. I left the tractor sit with the front wheels off the ground for an hour or so and came back to find them resting on the ground. I'll open the other cylinder tomorrow and re-seal it as well. Do I need to bleed air out of the system? Or will that happen on its own with initial use.
 
   / 640 loader issue #6  
I swapped out the bucket and boom circuits and I'm still not able to lift the tractor using the loader. So... that brings me back to the loader itself, which on one hand is easier because it's more straight forward, however I'll have to reopen both cylinders and check the seals.
I re-sealed one side and tested it. It will slowly lift the tractor.... and I mean slowly. I left the tractor sit with the front wheels off the ground for an hour or so and came back to find them resting on the ground. I'll open the other cylinder tomorrow and re-seal it as well. Do I need to bleed air out of the system? Or will that happen on its own with initial use.

Sounds like some progress. Air should purge by cycling loader several times.
 
   / 640 loader issue #7  
You may have to make up a simple pressure gauge on a Tee that can be moved to various places in the system. From your test, It doesn't sound like it is in the cylinder, hopefully in the valve.

As for air, it will usually purge itself as you use the loader. There will always be some, but whether you are compressing air or fluid can't be told from the pressure gauge and both give the same lifting force anyway.

rScotty
 
   / 640 loader issue
  • Thread Starter
#8  
You may have to make up a simple pressure gauge on a Tee that can be moved to various places in the system. From your test, It doesn't sound like it is in the cylinder, hopefully in the valve.

As for air, it will usually purge itself as you use the loader. There will always be some, but whether you are compressing air or fluid can't be told from the pressure gauge and both give the same lifting force anyway.

rScotty
I made up a gauge and plugged it into the quick connect couplers on the side. I'm reading about 1200 for both directions of the boom and about 1100 for the bucket functions. I'm guessing I'll be pulling both boom cylinders off again to open them up and see what went wrong with the assembly.
 
   / 640 loader issue #9  
I made up a gauge and plugged it into the quick connect couplers on the side. I'm reading about 1200 for both directions of the boom and about 1100 for the bucket functions. I'm guessing I'll be pulling both boom cylinders off again to open them up and see what went wrong with the assembly.

That is about ballpark right psi for lifting or rotating a lightly loaded FEL bucket.

You will have to put the guage in the pressure line to the loader valve to measure the next few things - at least I think that will do it. Not really a closed circuit guy, here.

How about when it is just running and not using any hydraulics?
Does the psi go higher when using the FEL to lift the front of the tractor? Or the 3pt?
Can you load the hydraulics in any way to get it go into bypass mode? ( relief valve will squeal) If so, what happens to the system pressure then

I think you said it quit working suddenly one day while loading rocks and trees. Any clues from there? Sudden failure just doesn't sound like a cylinder problem. Cylinders typically don't just suddenly quit working - but there are other things on a closed circuit hydraulic system that will.

With any luck we will get some hydraulic input from txjim or oldnslow

luck,
rScotty
 
   / 640 loader issue
  • Thread Starter
#10  
After doing my pressure testing I ran the tractor for a while with a brush mower (FEL still attached). After about 2 hrs of use I used the loader to move a few piles of mulch and noticed a change. I was still unable to lift the front of the tractor off the ground but it was working a bit smoother and seemed like it had a little more power. I ran it again today for another hour or so of brush mowing and attempted to use the loader again to move manure and it appears it is now working to near full potential, it will even raise the front of the tractor off the ground... although slowly. I know enough to know that these problems usually don't just fix themselves completely on there own and I may end up revisiting this situation again in the future, but for now I'm going to run it as is. I appreciate all the help you guys gave me.
 
 
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